This problem is commonly associated with intellectual ability, but there is a difference. Independent life is something that those with mental retardation cannot have, while those with intellectual disability can. They both have low IQ in common. Mentally retarded children will have more problems than the ones with intellectual disability. The intellectual disability children can learn a lot about life, which can reduce the future problem. This cannot be done by the children with mental retardation. We will talk about the problem of mental retardation and present few facts in order to make them easier for understanding.
The fact is that seven million people live in America and 3 % of the entire population suffer from mental retardation. The cases of mental retardation are diverse, even when children and adults are compared. The state of mental retardation cannot be imaginary. Some think that this comes from the person and that he or she is just imagining that mental retardation is present, but this is not true. This cannot be a figment of imagination. It is an illness, a brain disorder and it is not invented by anyone. Some say that persons with this problem can be dangerous and violent, but that is not always the case. Their reactions may be a bit odd, but they are normal when we take their learning capabilities and emotional quotient in consideration. Providing them with love and care will ease the effect of their dangerous look.
We have mentioned that this is an illness. But sometimes it is not. The decreased intellectual capacity is constant and persons with this problem need care and appropriate education. This problem is not contagious and it cannot be transferred in any way. The asylums are a possibility, but since mental retardation can be diverse, not every case is for asylum. Asylum is only for the serious cases. Learning abilities of these persons are impaired, but they can learn. They can increase the cognitive skills, thinking ability and motor skill, which will make them more prepared to function in the world. This can be done with vocational training.
One of the common beliefs is that mental retardation can be prevented and this can be true. There are some causes of the mental retardation. They are Rh factor, toxoplasmosis, meningitis and German measles among pregnant females. To this list we can add chromosomal abnormalities, which are problems that a good hygiene and care can prevent. There are many myths about this problem and they can make diagnosing the problem almost impossible. Proper diagnose can only be made by the doctor. We hope we have shed some light on popular misconceptions and we advise you to treat these people with love so that they can be accepted in the community.