Information on Toothpaste
There are numerous new technologies for the production of toothpastesand now the choices are vast and they include anti cavity toothpastes, liverflavored toothpaste for dogs, extra whitening toothpastes, clear toothpastes,toothpastes with included mouthwash, toothpastes with stripes and toothpastesfor those who have sensitive teeth and gums.
Toothpaste needs to have abrasiveswhich take care of scouring off the films of bacteria, they need to havefluorides so that they can protect the teeth from decay by hardening them andit needs to have a very strong flavor which commonly needs to take care of thebad taste associated with the decayed remains of the meals.
Thickeners in toothpasteallow it to get squeezed out of the tube and to stay on the toothbrush withoutdripping. Detergents are in charge of removing the fatty films, water softenersare in charge of enhancing the performance of the detergents and the sweetenersprevent the bacteria.
The most well known ingredient of any toothpaste is usuallyfluoride. It was first used with the calcium phosphate because calcium is veryefficient in preventing sodium fluoride from being effective at all.
Later on,the companies started using sodium monofluorophosphate because it went wellwith the abrasive substances of its time. Sodium fluoride could finally be usedonce the hydrated silica was introduced and it remains the most popularfluoride among the toothpaste companies. Hydrated silica is commonly thetransparent part of the toothpaste and it is an abrasive substance.
It is alsoquite common in white opaque types of toothpastes because it is completelycompatible with sodium fluoride. Surfactants are certain types of detergentscommonly used with fluorides because they are efficient in enhancing theprocess of remineralization. The most common surfactants are ammonium laurylsulfate and sodium lauryl sulfate.
They are in charge of providing the foamwhich carries away debris, cleans the teeth and provides very potent antibacterial properties. Lauryl sarcosinate is often the most common used and itis sometimes accompanied by allantoin which relieves the irritation.Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate is in charge of removing magnesium and calcium fromthe saliva and it needs to be masked by additional detergents and flavoring. Polymersare in charge of preventing different types of bacteria from breaking down allthe Pyrophosphates.
Another common ingredient is the sodium bicarbonate and itis in charge of killing the germs and bleaching the teeth. Other ingredientsinclude sweeteners, various gums, titanium dioxide and Triclosan.