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The following text will discuss about the fluoride poisoningand causes and symptoms associated. The hydrofluoric acid, or fluoride,prevents tooth decay from occurring and it is a component of toothpastes andwater used for teeth protection. Fluoride is also a part ofinsecticides, chrome-cleaning agents, glass-etching agents, some dietarysupplements and vitamins. Toxicity associated with fluoride can occur if it isingested in large quantities and we will see how this can happen.

Causes

There are several forms of fluoride and all of them can lead to toxicity, ifingested in large quantities. This is not as hard as it seems, since many itemsin the household contain fluoride. A life of a person can be endangered by adosage from 1 to 10 g of fluoride. Death can occur in a child due to a 15 to16 mg/kg dosage of fluoride. Also, adults can die due to even smaller,approximately 2 g dosage of fluoride. Accidental ingestion, mostly viainsecticides and toothpaste, is the most common way of toxicity. But be assuredthat by brushing your teeth you are in no threat from fluoride toxicity.Toxicity is associated only with short timed ingestion of fluoride in largeamounts. But toothpaste is not dangerous only if ingested in small and normalamounts. Fluoride is a mayor industrial pollutantsince it is used in industry in many processes. Toxicity can be caused byinhalation of toxic smoke. Also, itching and discomfort can be caused by acontact between the skin and fluoride.

Symptoms

Gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system are mostly affected byfluoride poisoning. The most common symptoms are shock, spasms, muscleweakness, tremors, seizures, headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, cardiac arrest,abdominal pain, arrhythmia, hypoglycemia and hypercalcemia. There are variousfactors, like ingested fluoride amount, which influence the strength of thesymptoms. There are problems, like respiratory paralysis, multi-organ failure,cardiac failure, seizures and even death, which are caused by more serious fluoridetoxicity.

Treatment

We have reached the section when we discuss about the possibletreatment options. Seeking help as soon as the problem appears is veryimportant. Upon noticing any of the stated symptoms, medical help must be lookedfor. Vomiting and diarrhea may lead to dehydration, which requires intravenousfluids. Also, if arrhythmia is present, cardiac monitoring is crucial. If youare having a deficiency of calcium, a calcium chloride intravenous fluids, orIV, will be needed. The severity of the condition will determine theelectrolytes and medications used as treatment. As you can see, this is a condition that may lead to some serious problems, whichare best being avoided. You can do this by buying toothpaste carefully andavoiding industrial pollutants. Also insecticides should be locked away at asafe location so that children cannot get hold of them.

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