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How to treat a sprained foot

Sprained foot is an injury that can happen at any time. The problem is that the injury itself does not look dangerous, but it has to be treated very seriously in order for foot to return to the previous state. So, how to treat a sprained foot effectively, without any later consequences?

When we say sprained foot, we actually think of damaged ligaments in the area of joint that connects the leg and foot. The role of the ligaments is to connect the bones and keeping them in a firm position. Other elements of the joint are muscles, tendons and bones. Tendons connect the muscles with bones. In a sprained foot injury, the foot bends in an awkward position, which damages the ligaments.

Causes

This injury can happen while performing normal, daily activities such as walking, exercising, etc. There are some examples of this injury that happened while walking down the stairs. It also happens often to sportsmen, since they are frequently physically active. Most of the physical activities include warming up part and that is the part where running and stretching is included and when the injury may happen.

Signs

It is rather obvious that something bad has happened with the ankle because of the bad position it was in, even if it was only for a split second. Usually, the pain comes really fast, but it subdues after a short while. But, when the ankle gets cold, swelling comes and walking and standing on the injured leg becomes a problem. The inability to walk and stand is even more emphasized if the injury is serious. There are three types of this injury divided based on the shape of the ligaments. Ligaments can just be strained, partially torn and also completely torn.

Treatment

Treating the injured ligament is a serious thing. Just because there is no much pain present, if at all, this does not mean this problem should be treated lightly. Actually, if the treatment is not proper, the ligaments might not heal the way they should, and that could cause problems while walking later on. This is emphasized with the type 3 injury, when ligaments are torn. The foot has to be in a normal position as much as possible, slightly elevated with cold bandages applied. The point is in resting and not using the foot until the ligaments are in the proper position. After only a couple of days, swelling should be gone, but the foot must not be used for at least a week.

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