The term “head wound” refers to any kind of trauma to thehead that is cause by a foreign agent, and obviously, there are many types ofhead wounds.
A closed head wound results from a direct blow to the headwhere the skull is not cracked open, but there is damage to the brain, becauseof the contact between the brain and the skull that resulted from the blow.
A penetrating wound occurs when a foreign object passesthrough the skull and into the brain, such as a gunshot or stab wound to thehead.
Skull fractures can also result, mainly from bad falls ontothe head or car accidents that are serious.
In cases of major bleeding, immediate medical attention isneeded, because the wound will probably have to be operated on.
Since the skull protects the brain, which is one of themost, if not the most important organ of the body, all head wounds are delicateand a doctor should be seen in the case of any type of serious wound to the head.
The things that are needed to treat a head wound before theprofessional medical attention is received are ice, towels, clean washcloths,and medicine for the pain.
Emergency medical help must be called immediately. While theperson is waiting for the medical team to arrive, pressure needs to be applied to thewound, but not if it is an injury of the eyes, or if blood or clear fluid isleaking from the ears or nose and there are visible bone fragments from the injuryor any kind of skull deformity.
All objects that could be located around the wound must beremoved from the area of the wound, and the person should lie down and keep thehead and chest elevated. Leave the cleaning of the wound to the professionalsand do not try to do it alone.
Press on the wound with a clean cloth and apply pressure for15 minutes. Do not remove the cloth if the bleeding is continuous. Continueapplying pressure and if there is a penetrating object in the head, applypressure around it, not directly on top of it.
If it is a light fall, just apply ice to the wound and keepthe Head and shoulders elevated in order to relieve the swelling.
Take some ice, wrap it in a towel, and apply it to the headwound. Do not apply the ice directly, because it can result in ice burn ifthere is no buffer between the ice and skin.
If the injury is minor, it is best to just allow theperson to rest and to give them plenty of water and painkillers. The iceapplication is good for the swelling as well.
The most important thing to remember with serious headinjuries is that medical attention is needed immediately, so either take theperson to the hospital or call and ambulance as soon as possible to come andpick up the patient.