Suicide in Australia
Suicides can never be considered as common events. Out of all death cases in Australia, suicides account for no more than 2 percent of the total number. Fortunately enough, the past decade has seen a dramatic decrease in the suicide rates in Australia, as it has become almost half as much as it was in just 3 years. The main reasons for this are excellent preventative health programs and a much earlier detection of different types of mental health problems. Suicides in Australia occur in men much more than in women because they use much more lethal means than women. Men account for up to 80 percent of all suicide cases. Females have the leading role when it comes to hospitalizations due to intentional self harm. Unsuccessful suicide attempts occur much more in women, as there are 60 percent of such female cases. It must be noted that most cases of bipolar disorder end up with a suicide. According to certain statistics, the suicide rate among males in Australia is four times higher than the rate in females. Most suicide cases are associated with people who are between 30 and 34 years old. Suicide rates in Australia are much higher in rural areas than in urban areas, which is another important fact which requires a lot of further research, analysis and implementation of better preventative programs. It is a saddening fact than one quarter of all male deaths occurs in people who are between 20 and 24 years old. There are also cases of young people aged between 15 and 19 who end their lives by committing a suicide.
Bipolar Disorder Facts
Bipolar I disorder is a certain type of mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and episodes of depression. The episodes may vary in terms of duration and severity and they sometimes may call for hospitalization. Bipolar II disorder is another medical condition which is slightly different as it involves episodes of depression along with episodes of hypomania. The majority of people affected by bipolar disorder cannot carry out normal everyday roles at home or at work. The people who are affected by bipolar disorder the most are usually between 18 and 29 years old. Bipolar disease may also be associated with the development of further complications and several other medical conditions such as eating disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders.
General Information about Mental Illness
It is a terrifying fact that every fifth citizen of Australia experiences some sort of mental illness over the period of 12 months. Up to half of Australian citizens experience some kind of mental disorder in some point of their lives. Different kinds of mental disorders are among the most common causes of non fatal diseases and injuries. One of the most common types of mental disorders in Australia and elsewhere is depression. According to certain estimates by the World Health Organization, depression is soon about to become the leading cause of disability in most countries around the world. Those who are divorced or separated are the ones who experience mental disorders most frequently. The prevalence of different sorts of mental disorders is the lowest among married people. Various types of mood disorders such as bipolar disorder and depression occur mostly in men who are between 35 and 44 years old. Those same medical conditions mostly affect women who are between 18 and 24 years old. According to statistical data, the age group which is least affected by depression consists of people who are over 65 years old. Contrary to the popular belief, depression can be inherited. In fact it occur so often that approximately 40 percent of all cases of depression are associated with genetics. Mental illnesses may be associated with various social factors and they can lead to a higher rate of unemployment. There are also certain types of work which may be associated with a higher risk of the development of depression. Those are jobs associated with longer work hours, low levels of social and environmental support, lower levels of flexibility in decision making and higher levels of psychological demand.
Mental Illness and Gender Differences
5.3 percent of male population experiences some sort of mental illness, while 7.1 percent of women experiences those same mental illnesses. Bipolar I disorder and melancholic depression tend to affect both men and women in equal amounts, but women seem to suffer from bipolar II disorder much more than men. On the other hand, men are much more prone to various different types of substance use disorders than women. The same can be said for schizophrenia, as women tend to experience it much less and even when they do, they recover much more easily. Pregnancy is always involved with an increased risk of depression. This type of depression is medicinally referred to as postnatal depression.