There are a lot of people in the world who do not know what endocrine disorders are. These people need to know that these disorders are diseases that are somehow related to the endocrine glands in the body. Endocrine systems are responsible for the creation of hormones. People who do not know should be aware that hormones are chemical signals either sent out or secreted through the bloodstream.
Hormones play an important role in various bodily processes like breathing, fluid balance and weight control, for instance.
There are several glands that the endocrine system consists of. Some of these glands are the pituitary gland and hypothalamus located in the brain, adrenal glands in the kidneys and thyroid in the neck. People should also know that hormones that are in connection with digestion are also secreted by the stomach, intestines and liver.
People should know that the most common endocrine disorders are in connection with the improper function of the pancreas and the thyroid, adrenal or pituitary glands.
Some of the most common and well known endocrine disorders are diabetes mellitus, Addison’s disease, Cushing’s syndrome, Grave’s disease, Hashimoto’s thyroids, hyperthyroidism and prolactinoma.
One thing is common for all these disorders and that is that they all have a lot of symptoms. These symptoms are known to affect various body parts and can be either mild or quite severe. There is no one treatment and it will depend on the disorder that a person is suffering from. However, almost all treatments focus on the adjustment of hormone balance. In most cases synthetic hormones are used.
Nowadays, treatments are very effective thanks to the modern technology. However, people need to treat the disorders in order to avoid suffering from various complications.
The symptoms vary from person to person and can be in some cases nonexistent, while in other can be pretty severe.
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus
This is the most common type of endocrine disorders and it is connected to the creation of insulin by the pancreas. Some of the most common symptoms include excessive thirst or hunger, fatigue, frequent urination, nausea, weight loss and vision changes.
Symptoms of acromegaly
When the pituitary gland creates too much growth hormone, a person is considered to be suffering from acromegaly. Common symptoms of this disorder are large lips, hands, feet, nose and tongue that are not considered to be normal, altered bone structure, body and joint aches, deep voice, sexual dysfunction and sleep apnea.
Symptoms of Addison’s disease
When the body does not create enough cortisol or aldosterone, a person is considered to be suffering from a certain disorder known as Addison’s disease. Depression, diarrhea, fatigue, hypoglycemia, loss of appetite, nausea, low blood pressure, missed menstrual periods, salt cravings and loss of strength are considered to be the most common signs of this disorder.
There are some symptoms that may even be so serious that they can cause death. These symptoms are dehydration, confusion, dangerously low blood pressure, slow heart rate, anxiety, sever fatigue, vomiting and diarrhea, and sleep disturbances.