Not only that this problem represents very ugly esthetical problem, varicose veins are also considered for causes of cardiovascular diseases provoked by embolisation of blood vessels. Despite the belief that varicose veins affect only older people, this problem can be present even in middle aged population.
Varicose veins can be genetically inherited or provoked by other factors. Some of these factors are overweight, as consequence of imbalanced diet, pregnancy, weak walls of veins, usage of the contraceptive pills and even the job that requires standing for a long time can be responsible for appearance of varicose veins.
Formation of varicose veins
This phenomenon is caused by disturbance in functioning of the valves in veins, whose task is to dictate the movement of the blood toward heart. Failure in functioning of these valves results in higher concentration of the blood in one place which makes veins weak and stretched. This condition causes pain and tension sensation of the affected place, which makes unpleasant feeling for the patient. The most hazardous consequences of this cardiovascular disorder are occurrence of the deep vein thrombosis in veins and ulceration (most frequent In the area of legs), which, both, can cause heart attack and stroke.
Varicose veins treatment
Depending on the state of the disease, doctor decides which kind of therapy should be performed. In the treatment of milder cases, therapy including only injections can be sufficient. This treatment is performed by injecting of the medication directly into the veins, which makes stronger veins to take over the function of the unhealthy ones. After few injection treatments, unhealthy veins become less visible, as they are not filled with blood anymore.
Therapy for more serious cases of this disorder must include surgery. After examination of the condition of the valves in veins, doctor decides whether the surgery will be risky or not. If doctor estimates that surgery is better solution than injection therapy, the procedure can start. During this procedure, patient must be under local or general anesthesia. Operation is performed by making two small cuts, which through the varicose veins are removed. These cuts are very small, and therefore stitches aren’t needed. Bandages which are placed on the treated area, after the operation, should be removed after one week of recovery process.
Recovery process demands obedience of the patient. A healthy balanced diet rich in fibers must be included, as well as resting. It is highly advised for patient to minimize the movement of the treated area for first thirty days of recovery.