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Varicose veins and the causes

Varicose veins are a condition that is quite common today and it is usually connected with professional occupation (long period of sitting or standing), smoking and obesity. The main symptom of this condition is dilatation in the peripheral veins. It is also proven that varicose veins contain less collagen than normal and healthy veins. Collagen gives blood vessels elasticity and without it, dilatations in vessels are created. Varicose veins can happen in pregnancy too. Etiological factors here can be hormonal and mechanical. Mechanical include increase of the blood flow in pelvic veins and growth of the uterus that pressurizes the veins. As for hormonal influence, it is known that during pregnancy, hormonal levels change drastically. Estrogen relaxes muscles that contribute to vein dilatation.

While we know about contributing factors for varicose veins, main cause is still not discovered. Therefore, different symptoms are present in almost each case, with only few that are consistent. They are pain in extremities, muscle cramps, swelling, inflammation etc. Inflammation is a more dangerous form of this condition, veins are sensitive, high temperature is present, hemorrhagia is also possible, either because of an injury, or it can even happen spontaneously. Eczema occurs too, and ulcers are possible, although that is the last stage of this condition.

Supplements and methods of treatment

Treating this condition includes conservative method, surgery and injections. First method is the best one and the patient has to eliminate all contributive factors that might additionally encourage vein dilatation (regulating body weight, eliminating nicotine, light exercises that include walking, which improves blood flow through arteries and veins). Using elastic compression bandages helps a lot too, especially with reducing the pain and swelling. It also reduces the superficial pressure in the veins, prevents further dilatation, and helps with the flow of fluids in lymphatic vessels. Bandages should be put on early in the morning, while the patient is still in bed because there is no swelling at that moment. While the bandage is put on, leg has to be elevated. Bandaging starts from the foot and up to the knee level or even higher, if necessary. Elastic socks are another form of bandages, and they provide excellent compression, but their elasticity is lost after a while. Leg elevation should be performed couple of times in a day, 30 minutes each time.

Varicose vein supplements are often used as additional help in battling varicose veins. Three main products have proven very effective and those are essential fatty acids, bioflavonoid complex and Bromelain. Their role refers to elimination the inflammation process, prevention of further complication, improvement of the condition of vein walls, and elimination of the possibility of blood clots etc.

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