Blood pressure dependson two factors - the amount of blood pumped by heart and blood flow easinessthrough the arteries. On that basis it may conclude that if the arteries arenarrow, blood flow through them is weaker, which causes high blood pressure. Mostpeople will have a problem with high blood pressure as a consequence of aging.Many of them won’t feel any discomfort. However, most will feel headaches,dizziness or even bleeding from the nose which can be life-threatening. Giventhat hypertension can lead to serious health disorders such as heart attack andstroke, if any of the symptoms are noticed it is necessary to visit a doctorwho will determine appropriate therapy for lowering blood pressure.Bloodpressure should be controlled every 2 years starting from the age of 20. If theexistence of cardiovascular diseases and problem with high blood pressure areestablished, these controls should be more frequent. However, if blood pressureis not reached alarmingly high levels, there is no need for going to thedoctor. High blood pressure in such cases will be regulated by already existingprescribed therapy. Also, blood pressure can be controlled independently withapparatus for measuring blood pressure that can be purchased in pharmacies.However, if there is suspect that there is a problem of hypertension it isbetter to measure blood pressure in the medical institution since purchasedappliances can often give a false result.Hypertensioncan be primary and secondary. In the first case, the exact causes of high bloodpressure can not be precisely determined.
Ifblood pressure is consistently high and if during longer time failing to lower,it can lead to serious complications such as:Heart failure - narrowed blood vessels impede the pumping blood by heart, which gradually leads to a thickening of the heart muscle. This causes difficulties in providing the necessary amount of blood to the body, which can lead to heart failure.Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in the kidneys - interfere with normal functioning kidneys.Metabolic syndrome - includes a set of metabolic disorders such as increased waist circumference, high triglycerides, low / high density of lipoprotein, "good" cholesterol, high blood pressure and a high level of insulin. Depending on the amount in which these disturbances occur, increases possibility of developing diabetes, heart disease or stroke.