There are various reasons for drymouth, a condition also known as Xerostomia. It can also be the consequence oftaking some of the medicines which often have dry mouth as one of the unwanted effects. It often appears while taking antidepressants,anxiolytic drugs, pain relievers, antipsychotic drugs, diuretics, and alsomedicines for asthma, skin problems, epilepsy and problems with stool. All ofthese medicines can cause your mouth to be dry. There are some disorders whichcan also cause dry mouth, and those are Sjögren's syndrome, HIV infection,dementia, polygenic disorder, high blood pressure, apoplexy and epidemicparotitis.
It can happen that during sometreatment exocrine glands which create saliva become harmed, and it usuallyoccurs in medical procedures related to dealing with cancer. In these cases,when the glands are injured, there is less saliva in the mouth. Also when welose a lot of fluid through sweating, throwing up, or some other way, we canexperience our mouth to be dry. If we have lost the glands that produce salivain an operation, we will certainly have this problem. Our lifehabits can also induce this condition, especially if chewing tobacco andbreathing through the mouth. This problem can be easily recognized by viscoussensation in the mouth increases and needs to drink water, the infection at thesides of our lips, sore throat and bad breath.
Importance of saliva
Saliva is needed in the wholedigestion procedure, from putting the food in our mouth to digestion in thestomach. If we have lack of saliva, it becomes much harder to digest food and to useits nutritive benefits completely. It can also affect our teeth in the way todevelop caries. Saliva prevents infections, therefore, if we have lack of thissubstance, there is a risk of developing mucositis and candida infection. It isvery uneasy and irritating to have dental plates with small amount of saliva.The tissue layer in the mouth can also become dry and that can lead to painfuland uncomfortable cracking of the protective membrane. Dry mouth can lead toangular cheilitis and gingiva conditions. Consequence of low saliva productionis also difficulty in speaking, because it is harder to articulate wordsclearly without saliva. Most of the people with this problem need to use waterfrequently in order to speak. For these people, it is almost impossible toconsume certain types of food. Caries and inflammatory conditions in the mouthusually occur at these individuals.