Coronary heart disease, or simply coronary disease, is the failure of coronary circulation to supply adequate blood circulation to cardiac muscles and Coronary heart disease, or simply coronary disease, is the failure of coronary circulation to supply adequate blood circulation to cardiac muscles and the surrounding tissue. Simply put, it is a condition of narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. This is the most common form of heart diseases and a major cause of death in many regions of the world. It is estimated that more than 15 million Americans have some kind of coronary heart disease.
Causes of coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease is normally caused by atherosclerosis. This condition is distinguished by plaque build-up on the walls of arteries. This build-up is composed mainly of fatty material. Once when the coronary arteries narrow, the blood flow to the heart radically slows down or even stops. This causes pain in the chest area, shortness of the breath and other symptoms of coronary heart disease.
A number of different causes may increase one’s risk of developing coronary heart diseases. Patient’s age is one of the most prominent risk factors. As people get older their arteries narrow and become weaker. Men older than 40 are at higher risk of coronary heath diseases. Women are increasing their risk with growing age, and especially after they reach menopause.
If a person has a family history of coronary heart disease, he or she will be more likely to develop it themselves.
Certain health conditions like diabetes, hypertension, or kidney diseases are also associated with coronary heart diseases.
Certain bad life habits such as smoking, alcohol abuse, unmanaged stress or a sedentary lifestyle, will certainly increase one’s risk of having coronary heart disease.
Signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease
Heart disease caused by narrowed, blocked or stiffened blood vessels usually manifest as a chest pain, shortness of breath, pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in the limbs. Most of the people don’t usually pay attention to these symptoms and their diagnosis is established once when their condition severely worsens to the point of heart attack, angina, stroke, heart failure or sudden cardiac death.
Treatment of coronary heart disease
The treatment of coronary heart disease depends on
the symptoms and the severity of the patient’s condition. It usually involves
taking medications treat blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol levels.
Doctors will usually prescribe ACE inhibitors to lower blood pressure, Aspirin
to prevent clotting of the blood, Beta-blockers to lower the heart rate,
calcium blockers to relax arteries, diuretics to lower blood pressure, nitrates
to help with chest pain and statins to lower cholesterol.