Salmonella Infection Facts
Salmonella infection is a bacterial disease which is quite common in people, taking into consideration the fact that we mostly get infected through poultry, different meat and eggs, which are basic parts of diets of a vast majority of people. We may also contract salmonella through water. Upon having salmonella in our organism, we are bound to experience nausea, fever, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. These manifestations may strike from 12 to 72 hours after consuming the contaminated nutrient. Luckily, people with salmonella usually are in no need of specific treatments, since the bacteria are expelled through feces after a certain period.
Nevertheless, salmonella may cause you serious problems if it gets transferred throughout your intestines, or even further. Sometimes, the diarrhea can cause you to lose more water than you are aware of, leading to dehydration and, possibly, a necessity of medical intervention.
Additional Facts about Salmonella
As far as contamination is concerned, as it was mentioned above, these bacteria resides inside birds, raw meat, fish and seafood, we are all likely to eat. Sometimes, birds which are infected by salmonella, transfer the infection directly onto their eggs. Raw meat can easily have salmonella. What is more, sometimes, fruit and vegetables may get contaminated by being watered with water containing salmonella. All in all, there are numerous ways how this bacteria is spread. Eating any of the above mentioned food raw can transfer the bacteria into your intestines, causing symptoms of salmonella infection. Poor hygiene contributes to this fact.
One of the most common salmonella-triggered diseases is gastroenteritis, contracted through eating undercooked meat and eggs. The infection of this type involves nausea and vomiting, as well as abdominal pain. Moreover, headaches, diarrhea and fevers belong to the list as well. Blood found in the stool, along with experiencing pain in the muscles all serve as additional symptoms.
The worst case scenario is developing typhoid fever due to salmonella exposure. During 21 days of incubation, one can experience diarrhea or constipation accompanied by a very high fever. Also, pinkish spots may appear on one's chest, possibly being slightly bumpy. During this condition, you heartbeat may get slower, coughing may be frequent and you might experience delirium. Finally, your liver and spleen may get abnormally enlarged.
Risk Factors Regarding Contracting Salmonella
People who own birds, live in developing countries with low hygiene standards and live in public institutions such as student dorms, all are at great risk of developing a salmonella infection. Moreover, people who already suffer from certain intestinal diseases may find it harder to resist this bacteria, making it possible to cause more harm than usually. Finally, people with low immunity, or suffering with some immunodeficiency diseases present an endangered group as well.