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Cancer Introduction

Cancer is acondition in which some previously normal cells go overboard andbegin to multiply over and over again. They destroy the tissue fromwhich they originated, consume nutrients that the healthy, normalcells need and create excess metabolic waste which acts as a poisonfor the organism. Cancer is a life-threatening condition for whichthere is no certain cure and success of treatment is heavily relatedto the early recognition of the problem and early start of thetreatment.

Bladder Structure and Types of Bladder Cancer

Bladder is apart of the urinary system, a hollow organ that is used as storagecontainer for urine, from which the urine is excreted periodically.This is an evolutionary strategy of mammals, including humans.Bladder is made of a layer of muscles that encircles the wall of thebladder. This wall consists mostly of two kinds of cells,transitional and squamous, while, the third type of cells are cellsthat form glands that secrete bladder mucus. Cancer can develop inall these types of cells and is named accordingly - transitional cellcarcinoma (by far the most common type of bladder cancer), squamouscell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma, respectively.

Cancer Risk Factor

Why cancerdevelops is still unknown, but some factors that increase the risk ofdeveloping cancer are sex, as men are more prone to developingcancer, smoking habits, genetic predisposition, previous history ofcancer, or exposure to some chemicals used in some branches ofmanufacturing industry.

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

Bladdercancer has symptoms similar to some other diseases, such asinfections or bladder stones. If it spreads to nearby organs it canprovide additional symptoms. However, common symptoms are blood inthe urine, urge to urinate and painful or burning urination, and painin the abdomen or pelvic area. Advanced stages of cancer causeadditional symptoms such as lack of appetite and weight loss for noapparent reason, fever, anemia, pain in the rectal and anal area orin bones. There is no difference in symptoms between children andadults.

Diagnosis

Cancerdiagnosis is complex and involves a thorough study of one's medicalhistory and various tests and examinations and biopsy. Cancer may betreated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery and biologicaltherapy (or immunotherapy). The good side of bladder cancer is thatit is usually identified very early and can therefor be treatedsuccessfully. Unfortunately, it can reappear, so one with a historyof bladder cancer must always be wary.

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