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Arteriosclerosis is one of the arterial diseases that cause high blood pressure. Basically, that is a disorder that includes thickening of the walls in arteries. That thickening breaches into the lumen of artery and thatarea is filled with yellowish material. Arteriosclerosis can emerge very earlyin a person, but in the beginning, there are no symptoms. Symptoms start toemerge when ateroma (thickened part of the wall), because of lipidaccumulation, induces narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessel. Gradualenlargement of ateroma can lead to its rupture. And if the thrombus comes alongthe way, blood vessel can be completely blocked.

Factors

Risk factors related to the occurrence of arteriosclerosis are dividedinto changeable and non-changeable. Non-changeable are aging, gender andgenetic factors (frequency of occurrence of arteriosclerosis in the family).Potentially changeable factors are hypertension, smoking, hyperlipidemia(hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia), low values of HDL (good cholesterol),diabetes, obesity, physical passivity etc.

A place in the organism where arteriosclerosis happens oftenis aorta, or more specifically, aorta breaching spot, carotid arteries andarteries of lower extremities. The increase of LDL has a direct toxic effect on the endothelium of blood vessels. In arterial hypertension, beside reduction ofvascular protective abilities of endothelium, there are also some otherdisorders of the walls in the blood vessels.

Clinical manifestation of arteriosclerosis depends of thelevel of development and activity of risk factors. If a blood vessel iscompletely blocked because of arteriosclerosis, heart attack might occur. Butalso, some other things can happen, such as infarct of brain and inner organs.If the blockage is not complete, in that case, coronary, cerebral and visceralinsufficiency can happen. It is very important to determine a so-called lipidstatus of the patient, which results in two forms of arteriosclerosis. One isspontaneous arteriosclerosis and it has a slower growth, while the other one,accelerated arteriosclerosis, is faster and changes in the blood vessel do nothappen that easily. Most common accelerated arteriosclerosis happens duringbypass surgery, PTCI, heart transplantation, etc. Main role in the creation ofaccelerated arteriosclerosis is performed by immunological factors.

Treatment

Adequate eating habits, that will lead to reduction of thehigh blood pressure and also arteriosclerosis might be prevented like this. Herbalfood is recommended, vegetables more especially. Intake of fat has to be reduced;especially non-essential fatty acids should be avoided. Decreased intake ofcarbs and overall value of calories is also a great prevention and therapy methodfor this condition.

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