Problems regarding the functioning of adrenal gland are closely associated with anxiety. These glands are placed near the kidneys in our body and they are responsible for hormones that we need when we are in a dangerous situation. Also, adrenal glands produce sex hormones and if some kind of dysfunction of this gland appears, it can be the beginning of the adrenal gland disorder. Anxiety is the usual sign of adrenal gland disorder.
Which adrenal gland disorders are connected with anxiety?
- Pheochromocytoma is the condition characterized by overproduction of adrenal gland hormones. The common symptoms are increased blood pressure, anxiety, heart palpitations, tension, sickness, sweating, etc.
- Addison's disease is characterized by the lack of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal gland. This disease causes low blood pressure, unlike the disease mentioned above. Addison’s disease can also cause feeling of anxiousness and some other symptoms such as watery bowel movements, mood swings, pain in the joints and muscles, etc. Although this condition is very rare, it is the first one that doctors suspect on when the anxiety is connected with adrenal gland disorders.
- Cushing's syndrome is a disorder where adrenal glands secrete more corticosteroids than needed. This disorder can be the result of tumor on pituitary gland. This disease attacks women more frequently than men. The usual symptoms are weight gain, especially on the face and back, skin that is becoming thicker, excessive hairiness on the face, losing hair from the top of the head, etc. This condition can cause some psychological issues, such as depression and anxiety.
Pituitary gland is located in the brain and it is the most important gland in the body because it controls all other glands. This gland is responsible for our normal growth. If a pituitary adenoma develops, the consequences can be various. First of all, the growth can be disabled, then there is a chance for person with this disorder to experience extreme headaches. The usual symptoms include problems with blood pressure (hypertension or hypotension), sterility and tiredness without any visible reason.
Acute adrenal failure connected with Addison’s disease can strike a person out of the blue and it causes a lot of troubles with the production of adrenal hormones. It can cause an increased level of potassium in the blood, abdominal pain, back pain or pain in the legs and the loss of consciousness. The common signs of this disorder are also hypotension, watery bowel movements, and throwing up.
Treatment for these disorders
The treatment depends on the exact causes of the symptoms. Basically, if there is a lack of hormones, patients go through hormone replacement therapy. If the situation is different and the gland produces more hormones than necessary, than the situation is more difficult to handle. As you can see, anxiety is present in almost every adrenal gland disorder.