There are not a lot of people in the world who have heard of acute pyelonephritis. However, people should know that this is a very serious infection and that it can be fatal, not just for the organs, but for the life as well. In most cases of this infection, it is the person’s kidneys which will suffer the most. In almost all cases, scarring of the kidneys is present and that often leads to kidney damage, kidney failure, abscess formation, sepsis or even sepsis syndrome shock failure. According to certain researches, in the United States only there is more than quarter of a million cases of acute pyelonephritis every year. People should also know that out of all these cases, almost 200,000 people are in need of hospitalization. People should be aware that severity of the infection and the ways it can be treated are not the same in every case.
Patients need to know that the symptoms they may experience can be both minimal and hardly noticeable, but they can be quite severe as well. The main reason why that is so, is because not all people are the same. In some cases, a person may experience the symptoms in mere hours. On the other hand, some people do not notice the symptoms until a couple of days have passed. It is important to know that the symptoms of lower UTI may not be present to varying degrees but the symptoms of acute pyelonephritis may be. Some of the more common symptoms include urinary frequency, hesitancy, lower abdominal pain and urgency. Almost 45% of all women cases contain gross hematuria. Gross hematuria may also be present in male patients but that is quite rare and in most cases is considered to be quite serious. People need to know that fever does not occur in every case but when it does, it is usually higher than 103 F. In these cases a person will also experience chills. Anorexia is common but vomiting, nausea and diarrhea are not that much. Physical
There are some vital signs that people need to pay more attention to. For instance, the fever is not always present. It is the same with tachycardia. In most cases blood pressure is within the normal limits. When it comes to the appearance of the patient, it also differs from case to case. However, in most cases a patient appears ill. When a person goes to the hospital he or she will undergo an abdominal and pelvic examination.