Mushrooms have been used for food and medicine for many centuries. They belong to a gender of fungi, even though people often say that they are vegetable or a fruit. In the world there are over 14,000 of mushrooms but some of them are toxic. It is known that 3,000 are eatable and 700 have medical qualities. Going in the woods and collecting mushrooms is a unique adventure, but one has to go with a person who is well educated in differentiating the poisonous mushroom from the eatable ones. Even the Gods from Olympus believed in the mushroom contribution to health and strength while Romans served them only when there was a feast and Chinese believed that they were health food.
Nowadays, people enjoy in the taste and flavor of the mushrooms. They have become an inevitable ingredient of a soup, a salad and a sandwich. They can change their flavor or add the mushroom flavor to the meal that they are prepared with. You can do whatever you want with them cook them, fry them, anything that comes to your mind. Pharmaceutical companies in the USA use the mushroom extract for nutritional products. If you want to lose some weight, mushrooms have to be a part of your diet because they contain 80-90 % of water and the rest is sodium and fat. The amounts of calories that are in one mushroom are very low. Potassium, a mineral that is good for decreasing the risk of stroke, and copper, a cardio protective mineral, is found in a mushroom, as well as riboflavin, niacin, and selenium. Men whose profession requires them to be in a good condition reduce the risk of prostate cancer 65 % by consuming selenium.
There are three kinds of mushrooms that are most presented in the nutrition of the Americans, and those are Agaricus bisporus, the white button mushroom; Crimini, brown mushroom with the taste of earth; and Portabella mushrooms. It is interesting that they contain an enzyme that converts testosterone to DHT. The white button mushrooms according to the recent researches, are proved to reduce the risk of breast and prostate cancer. The effect of these healing features in mushrooms can be seen if you take 100 grams of mushrooms every day. In the natural medicine, ancient people of China and Japan used shiitake mushrooms in the treatment of flu and colds. The features of lentinan and beta-carotene that are found in shiitake mushroom stimulate the immune system, are good in fighting against infection and reduce the risk of tumor. People should acknowledge the benefits of mushrooms and enroll them in their everyday diet.