Theseare bands of tissue that may be formed between tissues in the abdomenand organs in the abdomen. In normal circumstances, the surface of allinternal tissues and organs is smooth and slippery surfaces, as thisallows them to move without friction when the body is moving.Abdominal adhesions may cause sticking of the tissues and organs toeach other. Abdominal adhesions are one of the frequent causes ofintestinal obstruction, and although most cases of abdominaladhesions have no symptoms and people who have them suffer noproblems, some abdominal adhesions may, as noted, cause either aserious obstruction of the intestines, and may even cause infertilityin women.
Causesof abdominal adhesions?
Th typicalcause of abdominal adhesions is abdominal surgery, as most people whoundergo abdominal surgery develop adhesions. People who underwentprocedures on the lower abdomen and pelvis are particularly prone todeveloping adhesions. Adhesions can grow over time and begin to causeproblems only long since the surgery had been done.
Other,although less common, causes are inflammations that are not related tosurgery, such as appendicitis, inflammations caused by radiationtreatment in cancer patients, or various gynecological or abdominalinfections. In very rare cases, abdominal adhesions may appearwithout any obvious cause.
Intestinalobstruction and adhesions?
Rememberhow easy it is to twist a garden hose? It is even easier to do so with theintestines. They may be twisted, pulled out of place or kinked by theadhesions and this may cause intestinal obstruction. This conditionis very serious as it blocks, partially or completely, passage offood and feces through the intestines. Complete obstruction requiresimmediate medical treatment and can often be resolved only bysurgery.
Abdominaladhesions and infertility?
Asis the case with the intestines, presence of abdominal adhesions canpull, kink or twist fallopian tubes and thus prevent the fertilizedegg to reach the uterus, where it normally develops in the fetus.Since the egg cannot reach the uterus, it withers and dies.
Symptomsof abdominal adhesions
Frequentsymptoms include chronic pain in the abdomen or in the pelvis, whichis similar to that caused by other complications in the abdominalregion.
Symptomsof an intestinal obstruction
Theseare strong abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, vomiting,constipation, swelling of the abdomen and inability to pass gas. Ifyou have such symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention.
Mostadhesions that are not life threatening are relieved with alow/residue diet or liquid diet. Surgery is used only when life ofthe patient is in immediate danger, and avoided whenever possible toprevent development of more adhesions.