Hernia and the main characteristics
Hernia is another name for the condition in which the organ, usually a part of the intestine or abdominal tissue, bulges out of the cavity in which it is positioned. It can refer to the bulges in various areas, but most commonly, it refers to the hernias of the abdominal wall. Generally, this condition is not serious, and it rarely gets complicated, but one of the possible complications refers to the strangulation, which happens when the blood supply to hernia is cut off from some reason. Such cases are considered emergency. Other complications include vomiting and inability to have bowel movement or pass gas, which is a result of the situation when the part of the intestine is caught in the hernia, or, in cases of men, hernia may leave permanent consequences to their testicles.
As for the causes of hernia, they are numerous, but lifting heavy weight in an improper way, blows to the abdomen, wearing tight clothes, bouts of cough and improper posture are among the most common ones. Besides them, weakened muscles may make a person more prone to development of hernia, as well as straining during bowel movement, obesity, and accumulated fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Spigelian hernia and the main symptoms
Spigelian hernia is a type of abdominal wall hernia, which is very rare, and which occurs along the rectus abdominus muscle, or more precisely along the edge of it. The main characteristics are that they are usually very small, they tend to occur on the right side, and they are typical of people who are about 50 years old. Since they are very small, the risk of strangulation is much higher, but when it comes to the symptoms, these hernias can very easily be misdiagnosed, because their symptoms are very hard to identify. For example, they do not cause swelling like some others, but they do cause dull pain at the site where they are located, and they do cause bowel obstruction, which typically lasts longer than a day or two. If the site is pressed with fingers, they can be felt as some kind of an irregular mass. It can be seen only in those who do not have a lot of fat in the abdominal area. If diagnosed with spigelian hernia, it is necessary to undergo a surgery, because, if left untreated, it can cause a lot of damage and leave permanent consequences.