Swelling is a normal tissue reaction after surgery. This side effects develops as a result of extravasation of fluid into the operated and nearby area. This swelling eventually subsides, but there are ways to reduce it and accelerate excess fluid removal from the affected tissues.
How to Reduce Post-operative Swelling?
Even though many people feel dizzy and exhausted the very day after the surgery, after a couple of days they start to feel better and are capable of performing some activities. The diet after the surgery can be a bit changed but this is not to worry because soon people return to their normal lives. During this period when swelling is the most intensive patients alone, or assisted by a family member or a friend, may efficiently participate in the process of excessive fluid removal. There are different ways to deal with edema. Some of them are cold compresses, proper diet, intake of sufficient fluids and wearing compression garments.
Ice packs or cold compresses represent quite an easy way to deal with swelling. It is well known fact that after injuries people first search for some cold objects to place it over the injured area. By applying cold compresses or ice packs, the excess fluid stops accumulating in the operated area. Namely, the ice leads to Vasoconstriction, and this way reduces extravasation of fluid into the intercellular space. The best effects are achieved if the operated area is exposed to cold for 20 minutes, 4-5 times per day. It is only essential to mention that ice should never be placed directly onto the skin. Prior application it must be wrapped into a towel or some cloth.
Intake of Fluids
In spite of the facts that there is excess of fluid around the operated site, this does not mean that the body has excess of water. On contrary, the body needs sufficient amount of water in order to flush out anesthetics and many other waste products which have remained after the surgery. So, in order to be well-hydrated drink up to 12, 8-oz glasses of water per day.
In order for the body to recover quickly and all the damage to be repaired as soon as possible, one needs to consume certain foods after the surgery. For instance, foods rich in proteins, omega-3 fatty acids and minerals are the best option for rapid body regeneration. Such foods can also efficiently deal with postoperative swelling.
Compression garments apply pressure directly onto the swollen body parts, this way preventing further swelling and reducing the already existing one. Such clothes comes in all shapes and sizes. This a great way of improving circulation at the operated site.