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Marfan syndrome and the main characteristics

Marfan syndrome is a serious genetic disorder related tothe connective tissue, and since it is dominant, it means that a person who hasit must have one parent who passed the gene to him or her. Heart, eyes, lungs,skeleton and blood vessels are most frequently affected, but the symptoms ofthis disorder tend to differ to a great extent even among the members of thesame family, which is why some feel very mild signs, while in cases of othersthe signs may even be dangerously serious.

However, it is typical of themajority of people who suffer from Marfan syndrome to be tall and slender, andto have long extremities, fingers and toes. Their spine will probably be curvedor with some other abnormality, and breastbone protruded either outward orinward, but they may also have crowded teeth, flat feet and they may sufferfrom serious nearsightedness and heart murmurs.

Other problems that can beencountered in people with this syndrome are speech disorders and stretch markson the skin that cannot be explained. Since this is genetic disorder, it meansthat even if only one parent suffers from it, each of the children will have atleast 50% of chances to inherit it.

Marfan syndrome treatment

Even though there is no cure for Marfan syndrome, there areways to keep some symptoms under control, and thanks to the progress inmedicine, over the past few decades the life expectancy has increased a lot. Researchesare still being conducted with the purpose of improving the outlook for thiscondition. The nature and the severity of the symptoms will help the doctorsuggest the method of treatment, but most frequently the treatment is focusedon the problems of cardiovascular system, skeleton, and eyes. Heart-relatedissues in people with Marfan syndrome are generally kept under control with thehelp of medications, though in some cases the surgery may be required, too. As forthe skeletal problems, scoliosis, for example, may be treated with wearing abrace or with the surgery, while problems with chest usually have to be solvedsurgically, particularly if the child experiences breathing problems because ofit. Problems with eyes and vision can be treated with glasses or contact lenses,but there are several surgery procedures that can be suggested in cases of dislocatedlens, glaucoma or cataracts.

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