Estrogen levels can fall due to various reasons which will be discussed in this article.
Low Estrogen Levels
Estrogen represents class of hormones that are produced by the ovaries. They include estriol, estradiol and estrone. Hormone estrogen is involved in reproductive cycle of women. Estrogen is the dominant hormone in menstrual cycle and it enables women to get pregnant. Decreased levels of estrogen are usually seen in women approaching or going through menopause.
Causes of Low Estrogen Levels
The main cause of low estrogen levels in women is menopause where the ovaries are unable to produce this hormone. Hysterectomy can be also the cause of estrogen deficiency because ovarian hormone production ceases. Some physical and mental conditions can result in low estrogen levels such as migraines, vaginal infections, arthritis, depression and panic attacks. Birth control pills may cause estrogen deficiency as well. Hormonal changes can cause estrogen deficiency which usually leads to irregular menstrual periods. Low estrogen levels can be result of some illnesses such as Turner’s syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, anorexia nervosa and thyroid disorders. Pituitary disease, eating disorders, low body weight, and excessive exercise can be also the cause of low levels of estrogen.
Symptoms of Low Estrogen Levels
The most typical symptoms of low estrogen levels are usually associated with menopause. These symptoms include hot flashes, cold chills and night sweats. This hormonal change can cause dry skin and joint pain as well. Some women experience difficulty concentrating and memory lapses. Vaginal dryness and loss of libido are other common symptoms of estrogen deficiency. Fatigue, depression and anxiety can be also present due to low estrogen levels. Women usually experience back pain, weight gain, changes in circulation, osteoarthritis, bloating, rapid pulse rate and water gain. Symptoms of low estrogen levels can be subtle and often unrecognized in younger women. It is necessary to determine exact estrogen levels because sometimes the symptoms of estrogen deficiency can result in other medical problems.
Treatment for Low Estrogen Levels
Low estrogen levels are usually treated with hormone replacement therapy. Estrogen replacement therapy increases the levels of estrogen to alleviate associated symptoms. This is a quick way to recover hormonal balance but it entails severe side effects and increases the risk of stroke, heart disease and cancer. Natural approach for treating estrogen deficiency includes lifestyle changes. This means that women should have low fat diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables such as apples, cherries, yam and flax seeds while cabbage, grapes, corn and onions should be restricted. Meat, eggs and dairy products should be incorporated in diet as well. Also, there are different herbal remedies for low estrogen levels such as black cohosh and macafem.