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Thyroid Gland and Hypothyroidism

Thyroid gland is located in the front base of the neck, and is often described to be butterfly shaped. Its main role is to produce thyroid hormones and hormone calcitonin. T3 or triiodothyronine and T4, also known as thyroxine are thyroid hormones, responsible for regulation of human metabolism. These hormones also regulate growth and functions of several different systems in the body, as well. Calcitonin, on the other hand, is very important for calcium homeostasis, which is nothing more than maintaining the level of calcium in the human organism.

Overproduction of thyroid hormones is known as hyperthyroidism, while lack of thyroid hormones is called hypothyroidism. Deficiency of thyroid hormones is the condition which affects about 10 million Americans, and many people worldwide. However, patients suffering from hypothyroidism might not be aware of the problem. Symptoms of this condition involve: tiredness, weakness, dry hair and skin, loss of hair, weight gain, muscle cramps, and often constipation. Patients may also suffer from depression, increased irritability, memory and sexual problems, while women could experience abnormal menstrual cycles.

Hypothyroidism is usually caused by the inflammation of the thyroid gland. Severe inflammation can damage thyroid cells (or even destroy them), when the gland becomes unable to produce sufficient amount of thyroid hormones. When a person suffers from thyroid problem, which require partial removal of the thyroid gland, there are also chances that the patient will suffer from hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroid Treatment

Levothroid or Levotyroxine are tablets of synthetic levothyroxine, used in the treatment of hypothyroidism, goiter, thyroid nodules or cancer, but also as the weight loss supplements. These tablets are the most common therapy when there is the need to replace hormones of the thyroid gland.

Doctors usually prescribe Levothroid tablets to be taken once per day. In most cases they suggest taking the tablets 30 to 60 minutes before breakfast, but if your doctor recommend taking the pills in any other way you should follow his directions.

This drug can cause adverse effects, and headaches, sleeping problems, sweating, nervousness and diarrhea are reported by patients taking Levothroid. Some people might be allergic to synthetic hormone and develop rash, itching or even swelling of the face and tongue and sometimes throat. Dizziness can also be a part of allergic reaction to Levothroid.

Avoid using synthetic thyroid hormone if you suffer from overactive thyroid, heart or adrenal gland problems. Levothroid should not be used if you know that you are allergic to this or any other drug.

Don’t combine Levothroid with diet tablets, because combination of these pills can have serious health consequences.

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