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Thyroid Glandand Hypothyroidism

Thyroid glandis located in the front base of the neck, and is often described to be butterfly shaped. Its main role is to produce thyroid hormones and hormone calcitonin.T3 or triiodothyronine and T4, also known as thyroxine are thyroid hormones,responsible for regulation of human metabolism. These hormones alsoregulate growth and functions of several different systems in the body, as well.Calcitonin, on the other hand, is very important for calcium homeostasis, whichis nothing more than maintaining the level of calcium in the human organism.

Overproductionof thyroid hormones is known as hyperthyroidism, while lack of thyroid hormonesis called hypothyroidism. Deficiency of thyroid hormones is the condition whichaffects about 10 million Americans, and many people worldwide. However, patientssuffering from hypothyroidism might not be aware of the problem. Symptoms ofthis condition involve: tiredness, weakness, dry hair and skin, loss of hair,weight gain, muscle cramps, and often constipation. Patients may also sufferfrom depression, increased irritability, memory and sexual problems, whilewomen could experience abnormal menstrual cycles.

Hypothyroidismis usually caused by the inflammation of the thyroid gland. Severe inflammationcan damage thyroid cells (or even destroy them), when the gland becomesunable to produce sufficient amount of thyroid hormones. When a person suffersfrom thyroid problem, which require partial removal of the thyroid gland, thereare also chances that the patient will suffer from hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroid Treatment

Levothroid orLevotyroxine are tablets of synthetic levothyroxine, used in the treatment of hypothyroidism,goiter, thyroid nodules or cancer, but also as the weight loss supplements. Thesetablets are the most common therapy when there is the need to replace hormonesof the thyroid gland.

Doctors usuallyprescribe Levothroid tablets to be taken once per day. In most cases they suggesttaking the tablets 30 to 60 minutes before breakfast, but if your doctorrecommend taking the pills in any other way you should follow his directions.

This drugcan cause adverse effects, and headaches, sleeping problems, sweating, nervousnessand diarrhea are reported by patients taking Levothroid. Some people might beallergic to synthetic hormone and develop rash, itching or even swelling of theface and tongue and sometimes throat. Dizziness can also be a part of allergicreaction to Levothroid.

Avoid usingsynthetic thyroid hormone if you suffer from overactive thyroid, heart or adrenalgland problems. Levothroid should not be used if you know that you are allergicto this or any other drug.

Don’tcombine Levothroid with diet tablets, because combination of these pills canhave serious health consequences.

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