Our endocrine glands have an influence on nearly every organ, cell, and function of our bodies. The system surrounding the endocrine glands is also important with regard to regulating ones mood, growth, development, metabolism, and tissue function. If the endocrine system is negatively affected, it can have an impact on sexual function and the reproductive processes. For the most part, the endocrine system governs processes that occur gradually - cell growth is one such example of this.
The nervous system is involved in controlling faster processes, such as breathing and body movement. These two systems often work together to help control overall body function.
About the Endocrine System
The main foundations of this system are the glands and the hormones. Hormones are responsible for the transfer of information and information amongst cells. Levels of hormone production are heavily influenced by things such as infection, stress, and changes in the balance of minerals and fluid in the blood.
Glands secrete and produce chemicals. This is achieved through the selection and removal of appropriate blood materials. These materials are then processed and secreted for use in the body. Some glands release their chemicals in specific areas. An example of this are the exocrine glands. These glands release their secretions in the skin or inside the mouth.
The main glands that comprise the human endocrine system are the hypothalamus, thyroid, pituitary, adrenals, parathyroids, pineal body, and the reproductive glands. Also part of this system is the pancreas.
The pancreas is also associated with the digestive system. The endocrine glands are not the only things that produce hormones, and other organs such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, brain, thymus, placenta, and skin can also do so.
If the body produces too much or too little of a particular hormone, then this can be harmful to the body. One such example of this is the pituitary gland, an excess of which can lead to abnormal tallness. It is thus important to control or replace specific hormones if there is too much or too little production of a particular hormone.
Problems that arise as a result of abnormal hormone production include adrenal insufficiency, Cushing syndrome, type one diabetes, type two diabetes, growth hormone problems, and hyperthyroidism.
These problems are generally all associated with the over or under-production of hormones, particularly in the case of adrenal insufficiency, which occurs due to the underproduction of the adrenal corticosteroid hormones.