Emergency contraception is a term used for methods which can prevent pregnancy even after an unprotected intercourse. However, these methods are not as effective as regular contraception and are, therefore, not recommended for any use in the long run. Nevertheless, in approximately 100 women who take these pills after the unprotected sex, only one or two will end up being pregnant.
Additional Information Regarding Emergency Contraception
Once a woman takes this means of contraception, she may shift her menstrual period for up to a week. However, if the period does not take place even after this time, one has most probably failed to prevent pregnancy.
There are several different types of emergency contraception. Some of the most popular variants are emergency contraceptive pills, like Plan B or One-Step, for example. With some types of the pills you need to be older than 17 in order to obtain them. Nevertheless, girls younger than this age can seek these pills from their health care provider.
ParaGard or Ella are two types of emergency contraception which can be purchased with the doctor's prescription. You can combine different types of these contraceptive pills. However, you are advised to seek your doctor's advice on the subject since dosage and type of these medications are crucial for preventing any health problems or side-effects.
Pros and Cons regarding Emergency Contraception
As far as Plan B or One-Step are concerned, their positive side is their availability over-the-counter. Also, these pills do not interfere with breastfeeding. However, these are known to trigger side-effects like vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, breast tenderness, bleeding between periods or excessive menstrual bleeding as well as stomach pain and diarrhea. Additionally, these pills do not keep women protected from any possible type of sexually transmitted diseases.
Speaking of Ella, the pros regarding these pills include the effectiveness even after 120 hours after the unprotected sex. However, you need prescription in order to obtain these pills and they may have similar side-effects to the ones mentioned above. Identically, these pills are not capable of providing protection from STDs.
Finally, ParaGard or copper intrauterine device is an implant which prevents pregnancy in the long run. This is considered to be the safest type of emergency contraception. Yet, it can cause slower heart rate, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility or some other problems of this type. Also, heavy menstrual bleeding, cramps, pain during sex, back problems, vaginal discharge and inflammation as well as appearance of itchy rashes, all are possible adverse scenarios of copper intrauterine device.
Using regular birth control pills in combination with emergency contraception is a good method too. Yet, you cannot escape side-effects in this case as well.