Oral surgical procedures such as extraction of the teeth or minor oral interventions carry small risk of complications. These include mainly hemorrhage, pain and infection. But if one follows the prescribed regimes and keeps the oral hygiene properly complications may be reduced and their intensity decreased.
The most common complication or better to say side effect of oral surgery is bleeding. It may eventually stop but in order to speed the process one can firmly pressure the bleeding spot by gauze. It is recommendable to keep the gauze pressed for at least 20 minutes. This complication may occur if a patient brushes the teeth vigorously or use mouthwashes after the surgery.
Infection occurs in rare cases since patients at risk are prescribed antibiotics as a form of prophylaxis. Infections are followed with high temperature.Pain is normally present. The painkillers are regularly prescribed. The pain is considered as something generally present after each and every operation. In case of oral surgery pain is considered as a complication if it lasts longer than two weeks after the sugary. This may point to the presence of blood clot in the tooth socket. In that case the patient is due to report this to his dental surgeon who will take care of the problem.
Swelling develops as a result of fluid extravation into the tissue which surrounds the wound. The second and the third day feature with the largest swelling. Cold compresses held on the area may reduce the swelling and the body position in which the head is above the heart (sitting, semi-lying) may be helpful as well. Mouth bruising is present together with the swelling. The muscles of the jaw may be stiffed for a week or two hence they make chewing and swallowing difficult. The last complication is not so common.
In case of tooth extraction tiny parts of the extracted tooth may remain in the gum. These are responsible for prolonged pain, and may even lead to bleeding while eating. In case they do not eliminate themselves the patient is due to visit his/ her dentist to have them removed.
Delayed healing process is caused either by one or more complications joined together. They lead to difficulties with eating and nervousness. These secondary complications are minor and one should not worry about them. The food can always be prepared in a form of mash, fruit made into the juice, and vitamins and minerals taken in a form of supplements.
Serious post dental complications are rather rare and they include extremely high temperature, worsening of the pain and swelling, puss collections and excessive or prolonged bleeding.