What is bladder discomfort
Painor a burning sensation in the bladder are referred to as bladderdiscomfort. One should be aware that bladder discomfort is not adisease, but a symptom, which is often not distinguished from bladderpain. Bladder discomfort can be a common symptom for a number ofdiseases, which can be anything from urinary tract infections, whichare relatively harmless if they do not get out of hand, or seriousand life threatening conditions such as bladder cancer.
Bladderinfection is the usual cause of bladder discomfort, and the usualcause of bladder infection is the bacteria Escherichia coli. Thisbacteria enters the organism from the outside, typically during thesexual intercourse, travels up the urethra and eventually reachesthe bladder, where, if it begins to propagate in large numbers, itcauses bladder discomfort and bladder infections.
Pregnancyis a period when women frequently complain about bladder discomfort.Cause of this is the enlarged uterus, full of during pregnancy is acommon complain. This is because the uterus is gradually filling withamniotic fluid and the growing fetus, and exerts more and morepressure on the bladder, leaving less and less space for it toexpand. Bladder is therefor unable to hold any significant amount ofurine at any given time and women have to urinate frequently.
Distendedbladder is a condition where the person is unable to urinate althoughthe bladder of the said person is filled to capacity. Pain anddiscomfort arise from the overstretched bladder walls. There arevarious causes for inability to urinate, such as, obstruction ofurethra by descended kidney stones, some sort of neurogenic disorder,sphincter malfunction (inability of muscle that seals off urethra torelax at will), side effects of treatment by some medicines, orpsychogenic causes.
Interstitialcystitis is a condition where, for some reason (infection or someautoimmune diseases), the bladder and the inner bladder lining areinflamed. Painful and frequent bladder spasms are common in thiscondition. These also lead to frequent urge to empty the bladder,lowered bladder capacity and difficulty in retention of urine in thebladder - urinary incontinence.
Kidneyinfection is frequently misdiagnosed as bladder infection when apatient complains of bladder discomfort. Obstruction of the ureters,and, thus, flow of urine into the bladder, by kidney stones alsocauses bladder discomfort. X-ray scan is the best way to determine ifkidney stones are causing the problem.
Symptomsinclude changed color of urine, painful urination followed withirritation and itchiness, and urinary incontinence. These symptomscan be so harsh that the affected person might even try and avoidurination.
Thetreatment depends on the underlying cause of discomfort. Treatmentwill be planned only after a series of tests which will help thedoctor to determine the diagnosis, that is, the true cause ofdiscomfort.