There are several different names used to describe the problem with digestion and the reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus. You can hear people calling it heartburn, indigestion, acid reflux or GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). It is caused by the regurgitation of the stomach acid from the stomach back into the esophagus and the symptoms usually include burning and pain, as well as the irritation of the esophageal lining.
Human body is designed to help itself. So, when you feel excess stomach acid swallow the saliva and you will feel better. Saliva contains sodium bicarbonate and this substance can neutralize excess acid present in this condition.
For people suffering from heartburn during the night, the best option is to sleep with slightly elevated head of the bed. The gravity will prevent reflux of the stomach acid and you won’t feel so bad any more.
Drink Water or Tea
Episode of acid reflux can often be sorted out if you drink a glass of cold water. The water will dilute stomach acid for a while and you will have enough time to look after some more permanent solution. Heartburn is often said to be resolved by sipping the tea made of fennel seeds.
Sometimes food is the cause of acid reflux. Eating too much can provoke an episode of heartburn, so try not to over-eat. If you already did that and ate too much, try to loosen up the belt, for this might prove to be solution for acid reflux. Provide a bit of extra room for digestion and there is a chance to prevent acid reflux.
When you already know which type of food is going to cause heartburn avoid it and eat something lighter for your stomach. If you don’t know what triggers the indigestion try to keep the track of everything you eat and you will soon find out what is causing troubles.
OTC (over the counter) drugs may neutralize stomach acid and bring some relief for the patients suffering from acid reflux, as well as some prescription drugs. Although medications can’t fix the problem they might be good option if the symptoms are severe. However, you should be careful when using these medications, because their long-term use has not been studied properly.
Deal with Stress
Stress management may be very helpful for people suffering from acid reflux. Learn how to deal with stress, exercise regularly and avoid caffeine, alcohol and spicy food to prevent the heartburn.