Bronchitis and the main causes
Bronchial tubes carry the air to the lungs and when their lining is inflamed, the person is diagnosed with bronchitis. While acute bronchitis is practically a result of a cold or some infection of the respiratory tract, chronic type is often a consequence of smoking and it results in constant inflammation. The person with chronic bronchitis coughs every day and sputum is present for three months at least.
Chronic bronchitis and the most common symptoms
The fact is that the symptoms of chronic bronchitis are not that much different from the symptoms of acute type, but with the difference that they tend to occur much more frequently and last much longer. This means that it should not be difficult at all to recognize symptoms of chronic bronchitis. Since coughing accompanied by mucus is one of the first signs of bronchitis, if such cough is present for three months or even longer, the person is very likely to suffer from this condition. On the other side, if coughing has a tendency to aggravate in the morning or in wet weather, then it is also an indicator. Shortness of breath, wheezing, chest discomfort from time to time are also some of the indicators of chronic bronchitis. Pain in the chest and cyanosis are definitely the most severe signs of chronic bronchitis, but fever should not be ignored either. Instead, medical help should be sought before serious consequences appear. The person with this condition is more prone to frequent infections of the respiratory tract such as the flu or cold, and it is not at all uncommon that these people are smokers because cigarette smoke has been identified as one of the most common causes of chronic bronchitis. This is why smokers are at significantly higher risk of contracting this disease when compared to those people who do not smoke. However, besides cigarette smoke, it is possible that some underlying conditions provoke chronic bronchitis as well. Asthma, congestive heart failure, immunodeficiency, are some of them. It is necessary to be careful when these symptoms last longer than usually, because they will not go away on their own, but they will probably aggravate more and cause further complications. In order to diagnose it, procedures such as chest X-rays, CT scan, complete blood count test and several others might be needed. The treatment is possible and it is highly recommended to start with it as soon as possible.