When we say swollen glands, we think of the enlarged lymph nodes which make the part of lymphatic system and which are commonly situated in the neck, armpits and groins. The main role of the lymph glands, or lymph nodes as they are additionally called, is to filter the lymphatic filter, as well as to store up the white blood cells which are an essential part of the body’s natural defense system.
Swollen armpit glands
Swollen armpit glands are a condition when the lymph nodes in the armpit are enlarged due to certain reasons. The swollen armpit glands are also called swollen axillary lymph nodes. In the majority of cases, this condition is not serious and it tends to subside alone after a while, but there are also cases when it may indicate the presence of some infection or cancer. Swollen armpit glands should not be ignored and a doctor should be visited in order to discover the underlying cause of this condition, as well as to give a proper treatment.
Causes of swollen armpit glands
Swollen armpit glands mainly occur due to some bacterial infection which induces the inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpits, thus resulting in their enlargement. The most common bad bacteria which usually induce swollen axillary lymph nodes are staphylococci and streptococci, as well as Escherichia coli and salmonella.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the term for the cancer of the white blood cells, which starts in the lymphocytes and which is manifested through the forming of a bump in an armpit or in the groin area, swollen axillary lymph nodes and pain in the abdomen.
Overactive thyroid gland is also responsible for the incidence of swollen armpit lymph nodes. Hyperthyroidism usually occurs due to the inflamed thyroid gland, Grave’s disease and adenoma, or when one takes in large amounts of iodine.
When the connective tissues in the body are affected, or when they start to degenerate, it may lead to the incidence of swollen lymph nodes. The degeneration of connective tissues starts when the elastin and collagen are inflamed. Swollen armpit gland may also occur due to taking certain drugs, various allergies, Kawasaki disease and some types of arthritis.
Treatment for swollen armpit glands
If this condition is a result of some viral and bacterial infection than antiviral drugs and antibiotics respectively are prescribed for the treatment. If a cancer is the cause, then the treatment options, such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are performed for this serious disease.