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Penicillin antibiotics and the main characteristics

This type of medications is a group of antibiotics that are also used in the treatment of a wide range of infections that are bacterial in nature. Today there are at least 20 kinds of penicillin antibiotics, and they all work by killing bacteria and preventing them from spreading, which means that there are bactericidal and bacteriostatic penicillins. They may be classified into several groups, depending on their ability to kill various types of bacteria.

The most frequent infections that require the use of penicillin in their treatment include infections of urinary tract, meningitis, pneumonia, infections of the respiratory tract, ear, nose, throat, and infections such as gonorrhea, and syphilis. Sometimes, these medications are used in order to prevent particular infections before or after the surgery. As for the use of penicillin antibiotics, in order to be as effective as possible, it is highly recommended to take them as prescribed and without missing a dose because it is necessary to keep the same level of it in the body, in order to work properly.

Side effects of penicillin antibiotics

Even though penicillin antibiotics are generally considered to be safe, there are cases in which certain side effects are possible. First of all, such cases refer to people who are allergic to penicillin, since this is probably the most common side effect related to this medication. Also, a person allergic to one type of penicillin antibiotics is very likely to be allergic to other types as well. It is very important to react timely in such situations, since delayed reaction may lead to anaphylaxis, which is a very severe allergic reaction that may even be fatal. Symptoms of allergic reaction to antibiotics are more or less the same as for every allergy, so they consist of rash, hives, itching, swelling of the face, throat or mouth, and problems with breathing. 

Other possible side effects include diarrhea, vomiting and headache, but it is possible also that white patches in the mouth or throat will appear, or sore tongue. All these symptoms are only temporary, and they usually tend to disappear on their own once the body adjusts to the medication. Rarely some of these problems require additional medical treatment. As for the side effects that are a bit more serious and that have been reported, they refer to bloody diarrhea, severe nausea and vomiting, and severe cramps in the stomach or abdomen. This all leads to the weight loss and general feeling of weakness and tiredness, and in such cases, medical help should be sought. 

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