Info about Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy is medical condition characterized by the decline of the function of the heart muscle. Doctors use this term to describe myocardial disease which is very serious and might lead to heart failure.
There are several types of this health problem, such as: dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathies, depending on the cause of the condition. Dilated cardiomyopathy is well known among medical professional as congestive cardiomyopathy. The heart muscle is very weak and can’t provide enough oxygenated blood for all parts of the body. Because of the weakness, the heart becomes enlarged (dilated), and that’s what gave the name for this condition. Patients suffering from this cardiomyopathy may suffer from arrhythmia. Abnormal heart rhythms are mainly provoked by the changes in the structure of the heart and regulation of electric signals that goes through the heart. Therefore, these patients may experience decreased heartbeat or bradycardia, but also some increased heartbeat, known as tachycardia.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by thickening of the heart wall. This abnormal thickening of the muscles usually leads to obstructed blood flow going out from the heart, so doctors refer to this condition as hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).
Another type of cardiomyopathy is quite rare and it is called restrictive cardiomyopathy. In this condition, heart muscles are extremely rigid and the heart can’t relax or fill as it should do. As the result, there is no efficient pumping of the blood.
Cardiomyopathy can become serious medical condition if there is no improvement of the heart muscle function. In that case, there is the risk of heart enlargement and also from the formation of blood clots. Blood clots may decrease blood flow to some parts of the body or lead to embolism.
How to Manage Cardiomyopathy
Patients suffering from cardiomyopathy are usually prescribed with some medications. No matter how useful drugs are, all doctors agree that they can’t reverse damage that happened to the heart. For that reason, patients should use these medications long-term in order to function more or less normal.
Prescribed medications are able to provide better functioning of the heart to some extent, but they can’t heal the heart. After some time on the drugs the heart may become very weak, and cardiologists usually recommend heart transplant in these cases.
Another efficient measure for the management of cardiomyopathy may be proper nutrition. Dieting can help people suffering from many diseases, including heart problems, such as heart failure or cardiomyopathy. This type of treatment doesn’t have any adverse effects and can be used with medications prescribed by your doctors.