The cholecystectomy is the surgery which is the most common and widespread way of removing the gallstones. In this operation the removal of gallbladder is performed. This condition is very common and almost 500,000 people in America suffer from this condition. Every previously stated fact applies for the symptomatic gallstones, since the asymptomatic gallstone does not need surgery.
For the operation, the laparoscopic cholecystectomy camera is used. The doctor uses the camera to gain a good vision and state of the organs and tissue. By making several incisions, doctor can insert the instruments and use them to remove the gallbladder. The gallbladder stones can occur in the liver, liver ducts and other locations. For this operation, very tiny incisions are made. This will ensure that patients experience as minimal pain as possible. This also reduces the time needed for the recovery. The day after the operation will have to be spent in the hospital, and home recovery will take several more days. But the activities have to be reduced to a minimum. Infection or scarring can lead to the open surgery. In this case, the laparoscopic cholecystectomy cannot be performed. The difference between these two operations is longer incisions and recovery time. Hospital stay will take seven days, and at least two weeks of home rest and recovery. The risks are present in this situation. Surgery can have some consequences. The most common side effect of this surgery is the damaged bile duct. When this happens, the infection and acute pain will develop. The treatment of this condition can be surgical (in more serious cases) and nonsurgical.
Gallbladder can develop in the bile ducts. In this case, the doctor will use endoscope to locate and remove the gallbladder from the intestine. ERCP with endoscopic sphincterotomy is the name of this operation. However, some cases show that the gallbladder can return after the ERCP. It can even take years after the surgery for the gallbladder to be produced. We have mentioned the treatment which doesn't require surgery. This method can be used only for cholesterol stones and when there is an inability to administer anesthesia. The drugs called ursodiol and chenodial can be used to break the gallbladder stones. Some mild side effects are possible after the use of these drugs, but positive results from the therapy should be visible after several months. Methyl tert-butyl can be inserted into the gallbladder stone and dissolve them in just several days. This is called contact dissolution therapy. But take this drug with extreme caution since it can be toxic. The shock waves can be used to break the stones. ERCP therapy is named extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.