What is the excretory system?
This system is, actually, the vital system of expelling the waste materials in the form of the stool which is solid (through the process of the defecation), in the form of the urine which is the liquid waste (through the process of urination) and the gaseous matter. The excretion is one of the vital processes in our body and begins with the metabolic and digestion processes and the cycle ends up as the processes previously described.
Having in mind that this system and the processes associated with it are constantly active, very frequent are the possibilities of something going wrong. So, the urinary system is the most susceptible for the common disorders, and, respectively, the vital organs of this system, such as kidneys, bladder, urethra and ureters, are most commonly affected.
The most common disorders
The production of the urinary waste occurs in the kidneys, since they extract all the harmful material from the blood. Therefore, these paired organs are the beneficial grounds for the inflammatory processes, and the basic substance of the mass of the kidneys, called glomerulus, is most likely to be affected. The most prominent indicators of this condition are the unpleasant odor of the urine, which is usually accompanied with the bloody discharge and the painful abdomen. However, on the other hand, if there s certain amount of the foam in the urine, this appoints to another common problem of the kidneys, medically called nephrosis. Nevertheless, the most common condition, as far as the kidney functions are concerned, is the formation of the stones or the sand in the kidney(s), due to the gradual accumulation of the calcium waste. In this case, the most prominent indicator is the sharp pain, which is felt when the stone is moved. Of course, the most severe problem is the cessation of the kidney function, which eventually leads to the fatal outcome.
Bladder is also very susceptible for being affected by different conditions, however, the most common are the bacterial infections, since the bladder is, by nature, because of being storage for the urine, the most beneficial surrounding for the accumulation and multiplication of the bacteria. The characteristic symptoms of this problem are the following: the abdominal harsh pain, the smell of the urine that resembles fuel, the bloody discharge in the urine, and of course, the pain and discomfort while urinating.
Besides these, urethra is also likely to get inflamed, and the ureters (the ducts that carry away the urine from a kidney to the bladder) are usually, because directly connected to the both, the bladder and kidneys, likely to be affected by the same problems as these organs. Concerning that matter, the most dangerous disorders are the incidence of a stone passing through a ureter and the inflammation of the membrane of it.