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Escherichia coli bacteria

Introduction

Escherichia coli are one of the most common types of bacteria known to man. It is known for often being present in various different types of food items such as vegetables or beef. The most peculiar fact concerning this and many other sorts of bacteria is that they may be harmful for the health of humans, but that is not always the case. Escherichia coli commonly lives inside the intestines of each and every healthy human being and it serves an important purposes of breaking down and digesting all food items a person eats. There are certain strains of Escherichia coli which are known for getting into the blood. Such occurrences are rare, but they still do occur from time to time, and they are known for being affiliated with severe and serious types of infections. A person who suffers from an infection caused be Escherichia coli commonly experiences symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, belly pain and very bad stomach cramps. It is widely known fact that Escherichia coli often infect cattle, so the food products which come from cattle get infected as well. Manure used for the production of crops may also contaminate the food. The same can be said for water infected with Escherichia coli if it is used for the irrigation of the crops. The serious issue with Escherichia coli is usually linked to food items infected by this type of bacteria, even though the infection can be passed from person to person. The food items which are usually most likely to be associated with Escherichia coli include fruit juices which are not pasteurized, vegetables washed in contaminated water, vegetables grown in cow manure and undercooked ground beef. It is a widely known fact that heat kills Escherichia coli, so that is why beef always need to be cooked properly. It is because of all the aforementioned facts that vegetables always need to be washed and scrubbed thoroughly before consumption. Onions, lettuce and spinach are usually the ones most commonly infected with Escherichia coli.

Treatment Options

In order to properly diagnose the condition, the doctor usually takes a sample of the person’s stool and runs some blood tests. It is important not to take any anti-diarrhea medications. Some cases of Escherichia coli may require hospitalization. It is strongly suggested to always consume well done burgers and other meat products made from ground beef. Swallowing waters from the pools, oceans and lakes should also be avoided as much as possible. Washing the hands before eating and using the bathroom is a must. 

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