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Family planning is very important for those couples who do not want children either due to the fact that they have just married or they already have ones. Furthermore, many couples are more interested in their careers than in enlarging the family, or simply the high cost of living prevents them from having children. For all these couple, as well for many other couples who do not want children due to some other reason, family planning methods are very important. Family planning methods can be natural or artificial.

Natural family planning methods

In the majority of cases, the people who opt for natural family planning methods are not able to take contraceptives because of certain health conditions. The two natural family planning methods are abstinence and withdrawal. When the couple does not want to conceive pregnancy but does not take any artificial contraceptive, abstinence of the sexual intercourse during the fertile days of the woman is one way of natural family planning. The woman should track her menstrual cycle and the period of ovulation when the chances to get pregnant are the highest. Another natural family planning method is withdrawal of the penis from the vagina before ejaculation when the couple is having sex. This natural family planning method is not very effective since the fluid that is secreted before ejaculation also contains sperm.

Artificial family planning methods

Artificial family planning methods include the use of condoms and contraceptive pills, as well as intrauterine devices and sterilization. Men usually use condoms as a protection from unwanted pregnancy. Furthermore, condoms also protects from sexually transmitted diseases. Nowadays, there are also female condoms on the market. The condoms serve as the barrier for the sperm to enter into the vagina.

Women usually take oral contraceptive pills in order to prevent conceiving pregnancy. The birth control pills prevent the development of the egg and assist in thickening of the cervical mucus in the uterus so that the sperm cannot reach the egg. There are also emergency contraceptive pills that can reduce the possibility of getting pregnant when they are used after the unsafe sex. The most popular and widely used female contraceptive method is intrauterine device, which is inserted into the uterus of a woman in order to prevent the sperm to enter into the inner vagina. Sterilization is an artificial family planning method recommended to those who certainly do not want to have children. Vasectomy is sterilizing procedure in men, while in women; it is tubal ligation or tubectomy.

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