Exposure to warmth usually provokes sweating. The temperature of our body is not normal, so our sweat glands start to work and produce the sweat. Night sweat is also known as nocturnal hydrosis and it normally occurs if we sleep in the room that is too warm or when we use too many blankets. However, there are several medical reasons that could lead you to experience something like that.
What Can Cause Night Sweat?
Anemia, hypotension (low blood pressure) and hypothyroidism are conditions associated with cold sweats at night. Epilepsy and cerebral palsy may also lead to a similar problem.
Many menopausal women experience night sweating when their body starts to adjust to this period of life. Low levels of estrogen and progesterone common for menopause are found to be responsible for the sweat while sleeping in these patients.
Idiopathic hyperhidrosis or excess sweating is one of these conditions. People suffering from this problem sweat a lot all the time, including nighttime when they are sleeping. Doctors and scientists still don’t know what causes this condition. So far, they can tell that certain infections such as tuberculosis or inflammation of the bones (osteomyelitis) or the heart valves (endocarditis) may be responsible for idiopathic hyperhidrosis. Brain injuries may also affect regulation of the sweating and lead to this condition in some cases.
Diabetes is also known to provoke night sweating, especially when the patient’s insulin level drops low. Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and some other may interrupt the breathing during the sleep and leave the patient sweating at night time. HIV infection and lymphoma may be some of the most serious causes of night sweating as well.
Medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen, niacin and antidepressants are known to provoke night sweating as one of their side effects. Alcohol is another possible cause of night sweating. Women using contraception pills or men on sildenafil may also experience night sweats. In children, night sweating is usually connected to fever or anxiety.
Treatments of Night Sweating
Proper diagnose of the condition that has caused cold sweats at night is very important, because only then your doctor may recommend a proper treatment for your problem.
Patients are usually advised to sleep in a cool room and with the window open, if possible. Cold shower before bedtime may also be of help to these people. Another helpful thing is some cold drink. So, if you have problems with night sweating you might be advised to drink cold milk, water or some juice after dinner.
Plenty of fruits and vegetables, dairy products and fish will also help to prevent excess sweating and keep your body cool. Meditation before bedtime may also help you to relieve the tension and anxiety provoking the sweats.
Idiopathic hyperhidrosis may be treated with medications for some time. Other options for the treatment of this condition include botox or some surgical procedures.
If the cause of excess sweating at night are some medications, doctor usually decides to take the patient off them and prescribe something else instead.